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Managing moderation FAQs

It's important to get moderation right. Check out these frequently asked questions. 



1. Do assessment materials for internal standards have to be internally moderated each year?



Assessment materials should be checked before they are used the first time, and after any subsequent changes are made.

2. Do assessment judgments have to be verified for all standards?



But NZQA only requires a sample to be checked.

3. Do I have to keep benchmark samples of student work for all standards?

This is good practice, but not a requirement if there are suitable exemplars for a standard on the NZQA website. Most current standards now have exemplars of student work available.

4. Does the person who verifies my marks (assessment judgments) have to be a subject specialist or can any of my teaching colleagues do this?

The person verifying the assessment judgments should be a subject specialist and have good knowledge of the specific standards in that subject. 

5. Do I have to use the Internal Moderation Cover Sheet?



  • Schools can adopt or adapt the Internal Moderation Cover Sheet to aid them in the internal moderation process.
  • It was provided at the request of schools to give more guidance around what could be done.
  • It is still a guide to best practice for quality assurance.
  • If you use your school’s own process it would be necessary to document the process once and be able to provide evidence of following that process.
6. If I adapt a TKI or commercial resource do I have to get a colleague to check the entire resource?

If the resource has NZQA quality assured (and it should stipulate this), just checking the changes would be fine. But, if in doubt, is always good practice to have any assessment task fully checked as part of the moderation process. 

7. If I change the context or topic of an assessment resource, do I need to create new expected student responses for the assessment schedule?

Not necessarily. Generic responses or those set in another context can be suitable.  Moderators used to check for this but NZQA now accepts that this is not necessary.

8. Do I have to follow the NZQA process for random selection?

No. Your school can come up with a process of its own, as long as the sample is not selected by the teacher who graded the work.

9. The random selection must take place after assessment, so do I have to record all 500 speeches for an oral assessment?

No. Why not randomly select one class before the speeches?  Record just that class or half of a large class, grade the work, then randomly select some of these.

10. Do I have to store student work for many years in case of appeals etc?

No. But:

  • you should follow your school’s appeals policy.

  • You must keep the results.

  • You will need to keep a sample of student work for each standard in case it is selected for external moderation. This should be kept until the end of the following year or until a more recent sample of student work for that standard is available.

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